The overall objectives of the National Magnetic Confinement Fusion Science Program of China are: to develop key technologies in the development and application of fusion energy, and to digest key technologies comprehensively through participating in ITER, in an effort for international frontier science and technology goals involved in future building of reactors, during the 13th Five-Year Plan period; to expedite fusion development in China by carrying out high-level scientific research; to lay a solid scientific foundation for the construction of CFETR (China Fusion Engineering Test Reactor) by taking the initiative to conduct detailed engineering design of CFETR, and carrying out relevant physical verification experiments on EAST and HL-2M tokamaks based on previous physical design databases; and to strengthen the application of fusion technology in national economic activities, to significantly improve China’s capability of independent innovation in development and research of fusion energy, and to cultivate and establish a stable, high-level team of fusion research and development.
Since 2008, the National Magnetic Confinement Fusion Science Program of China has been deployed with the focus on China’s research and development of magnetic confinement fusion equipment and key technologies, and cultivation of high-level scientific and technological talents. Up to now, the National Magnetic Confinement Fusion Science Program of China has arranged 119 projects with a gross expenditure of 3.99 billion yuan. The second group of projects for 2017 will be launched in 10 directions/areas, with an expenditure of 600 million yuan. In 2018, the National Magnetic Confinement Fusion Science Program of China will speed up Chinese fusion development for the future scientific research of fusion reactors, with the focus on high-level scientific studies, advanced research of key technologies of CFETR and research and development of fusion reactor materials, and will continue to push ahead the research on the foundation and application of magnetic confinement fusion energy in China.